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Additional recommended knowledge
Sodium iodide is commonly used to treat and prevent iodine deficiency.
Sodium iodide is used in polymerase chain reactions, and also (as an acetone solution) in the Finkelstein reaction, for conversion of an alkyl chloride into an alkyl iodide. This relies on the insolubility of sodium chloride in acetone to drive the reaction.
Solid crystals of sodium iodide can be used to detect radiation (e.g. radiation from uranium)—a solid crystal of sodium iodide creates a pulse of light when radiation interacts with it.
Sodium iodide crystals doped with thallium, NaI(Tl), when subjected to ionising radiation, emit photons (scintillate) and are used in scintillation detectors, traditionally in nuclear medicine, geophysics, nuclear physics, environmental measurements, etc. NaI(Tl) is the most widely used scintillation material and has the highest light output. The crystals are usually coupled with a photomultiplier tube, in a hermetically sealed assembly, as sodium iodide is hygroscopic. Fine tuning of some parameters (radiation hardness, afterglow, transparency) can be achieved by varying the conditions of the crystal growth. Crystals with higher level of doping are used in X-ray detectors with high spectrometric quality. Sodium iodide can be used both as single crystals and as polycrystals for this purpose.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sodium_iodide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|