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Situs solitus refers to the normal position of thoracic and abdominal organs. Anatomically, this means that the heart is on the left with the pulmonary atrium on the right and the systemic atrium on the left along with the cardiac apex. Right-sided organs are the liver, the gall bladder, a trilobed lung, and inferior vena cava, while left-sided organs are the stomach, single spleen, a bilobed lung, and the aorta.
Additional recommended knowledge
Variants on the normal picture are relatively uncommon. Complete reversal of all organs is known as situs inversus, while reversal of some organs but not others is called situs ambiguus or heterotaxy. Isolated reversal of the heart with normally-patterned viscera otherwise is termed dextrocardia or situs solitus.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Situs_solitus". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|