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Sheeppox and goatpox
Sheeppox and goatpox are diseases caused by separate viruses of the genus Capripoxvirus (Sheeppox virus, Goatpox virus, and Lumpyskin disease virus of cattle) of the family Poxviridae. These diseases have very similar clinical signs and are found in sheep and goats in Africa, Middle East, and parts of Europe and Asia. Sheeppox and goatpox are spread by direct contact and fomites and have an incubation period of 4 to 8 days. Signs include fever, nasal discharge, difficulty breathing, lesions in the mouth, and skin nodules spread over the whole body, but especially evident where hair or wool is absent. Young animals are most severely affected, and mortality rates in epidemics can reach 50 percent.
Sheeppox and goatpox are considered to be the most severe poxvirus diseases in domestic animals. The disease is reportable in the United States and parts of Europe. A vaccine is available.
The course of the disease is 4-6 wks. If the animals survives, full recovery is expected within 3 months.
Additional recommended knowledge
Pox lesions occur in two forms, the papulo-vesicular form and the nodular form.
There is no treatment available for this disease. Affected animals should be quarantined or euthanized to prevent spread. Hospitalization of sick animals should include nutritional support, alleviation of respiratory distress, and antibiotic treatment to prevent secondary bacterial infections.
Vaccinations are available in the form a live attenuated or inactivated vaccines. In enzootic regions, annual vaccination with the live attenuated vaccine is recommended. During periods of outbreaks, utilization of a ring vaccination strategy may be useful.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sheeppox_and_goatpox". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|