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Off-pump coronary artery bypass
Additional recommended knowledge
Off-pump coronary artery bypass was developed partly to avoid the complications of cardiopulmonary bypass during cardiac surgery. The medical community believed cardiopulmonary bypass caused a post-operative cognitive decline known as postperfusion syndrome (informally called "pumphead"), but research has shown no long-term difference between on and off pump coronary artery bypass.
Off-pump surgery is associated with less blood transfusions, but is more technically challenging. The technique has a steep learning curve, and the quality of the anastomoses is lower, at least until a surgeon has gained much experience. Off-pump surgery remains a useful technique for some more complicated cases, such as people whose aorta is calcified.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Off-pump_coronary_artery_bypass". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|