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JI bypass was performed by dividing the proximal jejunum and then plugging the top end of the jejunum into the ileum, much further down the small intestine. After the procedure, food would move from the stomach to the upper small intestine, then directly into the ileum, bypassing all of the absorptive areas of the jejunum. Thus, patients would eat a normal meal but would absorb only a small fraction of the calories it contained.
This procedure is no longer performed for two reasons. First, patients with no jejunum cannot effectively absorb some vitamins, especially vitamin B complex and vitamin C. This leads to severe malnutrition and liver failure.
The second problem also arose from the bypassed jejunum, which emptied normally downstream into the ileum but had no 'upstream' connection and hence no inflow of food or liquids from the stomach. The flow of liquid through the intestine is necessary to cleanse it; with no liquid flow bacteria from the large intestine are free to grow and colonize the small intestine all the way up to the blind end of the jejunum. This leads to sepsis by bacterial translocation, so effectively in fact that JI bypasses are used in the lab to create sepsis in animal experimental models.
For these reasons, most JI bypasses were reversed by a second operation. As of 2007, patients with an intact JI bypass are rarely seen. [Jejunoileal bypass] [Jib Survivor My Story Alive as Of Nov 2007]
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jejuno-ileal_bypass". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|