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Inferior hypogastric plexus

Nerve: Inferior hypogastric plexus
The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses. (Pelvic plexus labeled at bottom right.)
Lower half of right sympathetic cord. (Hypogastric plexus labeled at bottom right.)
Latin plexus hypogastricus inferior
Dorlands/Elsevier p_24/12647962

The inferior hypogastric plexus (pelvic plexus in some texts)[1] is a plexus of nerves that supplies the viscera of the pelvic cavity.

The inferior hypogastric plexus is a paired structure, with each situated on the side of the rectum in the male, and at the sides of the rectum and vagina in the female.



Contributions to the plexus include:

  • a continuation of the hypogastric plexus on either side, in the form of the hypogastric nerve.
  • pelvic splanchnic nerves (from the second, third, and fourth sacral nerves) also contribute, parasympathetic efferent fibers to the plexus.

At the points of junction of these nerves small ganglia are found.


From these plexuses numerous branches are distributed to the viscera of the pelvis.

They accompany the branches of the internal iliac artery.

It is the source for the middle rectal plexus, vesical plexus, prostatic plexus, and uterovaginal plexus.[2]

Additional images

See also

  • Superior hypogastric plexus
  • Hypogastric nerve


  1. ^ Yokochi, Chihiro; Rohen, Johannes W. (2006). Color Atlas of Anatomy: A Photographic Study of the Human Body. Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 346. ISBN 0-7817-9013-1. 
  2. ^ Jeyarajah S, King A, Papagrigoriadis S (2007). "Faecal incontinence as presentation of an ependymomas of the spinal cord". World J Surg Oncol 5: 107. doi:10.1186/1477-7819-5-107. PMID 17894884.

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Inferior_hypogastric_plexus". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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