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Glufosinate



Glufosinate
IUPAC name 2-Amino-4-(hydroxy-methyl-phosphoryl)butanoic acid
Other names Phosphinothricin
Identifiers
CAS number 51276-47-2
PubChem 4794
EINECS number 257-102-5
SMILES CP(=O)(CCC(C(=O)O)N)O
Properties
Molecular formula C5H12NO4P
Molar mass 181.127
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Glufosinate or its ammonium salt DL-phosphinotricin is an active ingredient in several nonselective systemic herbicides - Basta, Rely, Finale, Challenge and Liberty.

Additional recommended knowledge

Some plants have been genetically modified for resistance to glufosinate. The gene which gives reistance to glufosinate is a bar or pat gene which was first isolated from two species of Streptomyces bacteria. It interferes with the biosynthetic pathway of the amino acid glutamine and with ammonia detoxification. There are glufosinate-resistant transgenic varieties of several crops, including canola, corn, soybean, sugarbeet, and rice. Thse include Bayer's LibertyLink genes, used in over 100 hybrids.

References

  • Bayer's site of LibertyLink crops
  • EU requires US long-grain rice be tested for GMO
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Glufosinate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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