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Gamma wave



  A gamma wave is a pattern of brain waves, associated with perception and consciousness. Gamma waves are produced when masses of neurons emit electrical signals at the rate of around 40 times a second (40 hertz or Hz), but can often be between 26 and upwards of 70 Hz. By one definition, gamma waves are manifest at 24 Hz and higher, though researchers have recognized that higher level cognitive activities occur when lower frequency gamma waves suddenly double into the 40 Hz range. Research has shown gamma waves are continuously present during low voltage fast neocortical activity (LVFA), which occurs during the process of awakening and during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Some researchers do not distinguish gamma waves as a distinct class but include them in beta brain waves.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Linked to higher reasoning faculties

Gamma waves are involved in higher mental activity. Transient periods of synchronized firing over the gamma waveband, of entire banks of neurons from different parts of the brain, have been proposed as a mechanism for bringing a distributed matrix of cognitive processes together to generate a coherent, concerted cognitive act, such as perception. For example, it has been suggested that gamma waves are associated with solving the binding problem. Recent studies have shown that recognition of new insights occur when patterns jump from 20 to 40 Hz.[citation needed]

Consciousness

Gamma waves have been studied in how visual cues elicit a neural synchronic reaction with both conscious and subliminal stimuli.[1] This research also sheds light on how neural synchony may explain stochastic resonance in the nervous system.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] Ward LM, Doesburg SM, Kitajo K, MacLean SE, Roggeveen AB. Neural synchrony in stochastic resonance, attention, and consciousness. Can J Exp Psychol. 2006 Dec;60(4):319-26.
  2. ^ Lucia Melloni, Carlos Molina, Marcela Pena, David Torres, Wolf Singer and Eugenio Rodriguez. Final proof of role of neural coherence in consciousness? The Journal of Neuroscience, March 14, 2007, 27(11):2858-2865; doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4623-06.2007.
  • Bruce Bower (2004). "Synchronized thinking. Brain activity linked to schizophrenia, skillful meditation". Science News 166 (20): 310.
  • Are neocortical gamma waves related to consciousness?. National Library of Medicine PubMed. Retrieved on June 16, 2005.

Further reading

  • Meditation Gives Brain a Charge, Study Finds. WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved on June 16, 2005.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Gamma_wave". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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