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Dissociative disorders



Dissociative Disorders[1] are defined as conditions that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity and/or perception. The hypothesis is that symptoms can result, to the extent of interfering with a person's general functioning, when one or more of these functions is disrupted.

Additional recommended knowledge

The four dissociative disorders listed in the DSM IV TR are as follows:

  • Depersonalization disorder (DSM-IV Codes 300.6[2]) - periods of detachment from self or surrounding which may be experienced as "unreal" (lacking in control of or "outside of" self) while retaining awareness that this is only a feeling and not a reality.
  • Dissociative Amnesia (DSM-IV Codes 300.12[3]) - noticeable impairment of recall resulting from emotional trauma
  • Dissociative fugue (DSM-IV Codes 300.13[4]) - physical desertion of familiar surroundings and experience of impaired recall of the past. This may lead to confusion about actual identity and the assumption of a new identity.
  • Dissociative identity disorder'(DSM-IV Codes 300.14[5]) - the alternation of two or more distinct personality states with impaired recall, among personality states, of important information.

In addition, there's the diagnosis of dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DSM-IV Codes 300.15[6]) which can be used for forms of pathological dissociation not covered by any of the specified dissociative disorders.

In a 2007 study, only 28.7% of the dissociative participants had received psychiatric treatment previously[7].

See also

References

  1. ^ Dissociative Disorders, ( DSM-IV, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition)
  2. ^ Depersonalization Disorder, ( DSM-IV 300.6, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition)
  3. ^ Dissociative Amnesia (formerly Psychogenic Amnesia) ( DSM-IV 300.12, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition)
  4. ^ Dissociative Fugue (formerly Psychogenic Fugue) ( DSM-IV 300.13, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition)
  5. ^ Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly Multiple Personality Disorder) ( DSM-IV 300.14, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition)
  6. ^ Dissociative Disorder Not Otherwise Specified ( DSM-IV 300.15, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition)
  7. ^ Prevalence of dissociative disorders among women in the general population ( Departments of Psychiatry, Istanbul University and Cumhuriyet University Medical Faculty, Turkey, January 2007)
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Dissociative_disorders". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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