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Declarative memory is the aspect of human memory that stores facts. It is so called because it refers to memories that can be consciously discussed, or declared. It applies to standard textbook learning and knowledge, as well as memories that can be 'travelled back to' in one's 'mind's eye'. It is contrasted with procedural memory, which applies to skills. Declarative memory is subject to forgetting, but frequently-accessed memories can last indefinitely. Declarative memories are best established by using active recall combined with mnemonic techniques and spaced repetition.
Additional recommended knowledge
Types of declarative memory
There are two types of declarative memory:
Some people believe that episodic memory and semantic memory are really just one type of memory. However, most believe they are quite different, and indeed distinct. 
Physically speaking, declarative memory requires the medial temporal lobe, especially the hippocampus and related areas of the cerebral cortex. The famous amnesiac H.M. had a great deal of his medial temporal lobe removed and had a primarily declarative impairment (specifically, his episodic memory).
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Declarative_memory". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|