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Coniferyl alcohol

Coniferyl alcohol
IUPAC name 4-(3-hydroxy-1-propenyl)-
Other names 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamyl alcohol
CAS number 458-35-5
SMILES OC/C=C/c1ccc(O)c(OC)c1
Molecular formula C10H12O3
Molar mass 180.20 g/mol
Melting point

74 °C

Boiling point

163-165 °C

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Coniferyl alcohol is an organic compound. This colourless crystalline solid is a phytochemical, one of the monolignols. It is synthetized via the phenylpropanoid biochemical pathway. When copolymerized with related aromatic compounds, coniferyl alcohol forms lignin or lignans.[1]

Coniferyl alcohol is an intermediate in biosynthesis of eugenol and of stilbene and coumarin. Gum benzoin contains significant amount of coniferyl alcohol and its esters.

Found in both Gymnosperm and Angiosperm plants. Sinapyl alcohol and Paracoumaryl alcohol, the other two lignin monomers, are found in Angiosperm plants and grasses.


  1. ^ Kenji liyama, Thi Bach-Tuyet Lam, and Bruce A. Stone "Covalent Cross-Links in the Cell Wall" Plant Physiology (1994) volume 104, p. 315-320
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Coniferyl_alcohol". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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