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Bioassay is a shorthand commonly used term for biological assay and is a type of scientific experiment. Bioassays are typically conducted to measure the effects of a substance on a living organism. Bioassays may be qualitative or quantitative. Qualitative bioassays are used for assessing the physical effects of a substance that may not be quantified, such as abnormal development or deformity. Quantitative bioassays involve estimation of the concentration or potency of a substance by measurement of the biological response that it produces. Quantitative bioassays are typically analyzed using the methods of biostatistics. Bioassays are essential in the development of new drugs, and monitoring pollutants in the environment. Environmental bioassays are generally a broad-range survey of toxicity, and a toxicity identification evaluation is conducted to determine what the relevant toxicants are.
Additional recommended knowledge
The use of bioassays include:
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bioassay". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|