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Bendiocarb



Bendiocarb is an acutely toxic carbamate insecticide used in public health and agriculture and is effective against a wide range of nuisance and disease vector insects. Many bendiocarb products are or were sold under the tradenames "Ficam" and "Turcam."

Additional recommended knowledge

It is used in the home, industrial plants, and food storage sites to control mosquitoes, flies, wasps, ants, fleas, cockroaches, silverfish, and ticks but can be used against a wide variety of insects as well as snails and slugs.

Many bendiocarb-containing products are licensed for home use despite its acute toxicity. Like other carbamates, it reversibly inhibits acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme required for normal transmission of nerve impulses. Bendiocarb binds to the active site of this enzyme leading to an accumulation of acetylcholine, which is required for the transmission of nerve impulses, at nerve muscle sites.

All bendiocarb-containing products in the United States recently had their registrations cancelled due to concerns over exposure of those applying the products.

Bendiocarb was invented in 1971 and was first introduced into the market by Fisons Ltd, Agrochemical Division. It is currently marketed by Bayer CropScience and Kuo Ching under various trade names: Ficam, Dycarb, Garvox, Turcam, Niomil, Seedox, Tattoo

Bendiocarb is highly toxic to birds and fish. In mammalian tissue Carbamates are generally excreted rapidly and do not accumulate.

Nomenclature

  • Status: ISO 1750 (published)
  • IUPAC: 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl methylcarbamate
  • CAS: 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl methylcarbamate
  • Reg. No.: 22781-23-3
  • Formula: C11H13NO4

References

  • R.E.D. Facts: Bendiocarb U.S. EPA, Septmeber 1999.
  • Bendiocarb Technical Fact Sheet - National Pesticide Information Center
  • Bendiocarb General Fact Sheet - National Pesticide Information Center
  • Pesticide Information Profile on Bendiocarb Extension Toxicology Network , May 1994. Accessed August 2007
  • Bendiocarb description at Pesticide Action Network UK, 2006. Accessed August 2007
  • Compendium of Pesticide Common Names bendiocarb , Alan Wood, Justis Publishing Limited, London. Accessed August 2007
  • Pesticideinfo.org: Bendiocarb
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bendiocarb". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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