Plastic & silicone (1900s) Rubber/latex (1800s) Other materials (Ancient)
Failure rates (first year)
Must be applied prior to intercourse.
Size assessment for some methods
Advantages and Disadvantages
No external drugs taken
Barrier contraception methods prevent pregnancy by physically preventing sperm from entering the uterus through the os in in the cervix.
Additional recommended knowledge
The earliest recorded barrier methods are those of stem
pessaries, found in Egypt. The diaphragm and reusable condoms became common after the invention of rubber vulcanization in the early nineteenth century. Condoms became even more popular after the 1930s invention of latex, which enabled the creation of thinner, disposable prophylactics.
The following are barrier methods of contraception.
SILCS diaphragm (still in clinical testing)
contraceptive sponge is usually considered a barrier method, but not always, as its effectiveness relies largely on spermicide.
The male condom provides excellent protection against sexually transmitted infections. Using a condom is sometimes referred to as "practicing
Dental dams do not have any contraceptive uses, but offer STD protection during oral sex.
Birth control Behavioral: Avoiding vaginal intercourse: Anal sex, Oral sex, Non-penetrative sex, Masturbation, Abstinence Including vaginal intercourse: Fertility awareness, Rhythm Method, Withdrawal, Breastfeeding infertility Barrier: Condom, Female condom, Diaphragm, Lea's shield, Cervical cap Spermicide Contraceptive sponge Hormonal: Combined: Combined oral contraceptive pill ('the Pill'), Contraceptive patch, NuvaRing Progestogen only: Progestogen only pill ('minipill'), Depo-Provera, Norplant/Jadelle, Implanon Anti-estrogen: Ormeloxifene (a.k.a. Centchroman) Intra-uterine: IUD (copper or progestogen), IUS (progestogen) Post-intercourse: Contraception: Emergency contraception (pills or copper IUD) Abortion: Surgical abortion, Medical abortion (RU-486/abortion pill) Sterilization: Male: Vasectomy Female: Tubal ligation, Essure