*in the forearm: Radial recurrent artery Palmar carpal branch of radial artery Superficial palmar branch of the radial artery. *At the wrist: Dorsal carpal branch of radial artery First dorsal metacarpal artery. *In the hand: Princeps pollicis artery Radialis indicis Deep palmar arch
The radial artery arises from the bifurcation of the brachial artery in the cubital fossa. It runs distally down the anterior part of the forearm. There, it serves as a landmark for the division between the anterior and posterior compartments of the forearm, with the posterior compartment beginning just lateral to the artery. The artery winds laterally around the wrist, passing through the anatomical snuff box and between the heads of the first dorsal interosseous muscle. It passes anteriorly between the heads of the adductor pollicis, and becomes the deep palmar arch, which joins with the deep branch of the ulnar artery.
Along its course, it is accompanied by a similarly named vein, the radial vein.
The named branches of the radial artery may be divided into three groups, corresponding with the three regions in which the vessel is situated.
In the Forearm
Radial recurrent artery - arises just after the radial artery comes off the brachial artery. It travels superiorly to anastomose with the radial collateral artery.
Palmar carpal branch of radial artery - a small vessel which arises near the lower border of the pronator quadratus
Superficial palmar branch of the radial artery - arises from the radial artery, just where this vessel is about to wind around the lateral side of the wrist.
At the Wrist
Dorsal carpal branch of radial artery - a small vessel which arises beneath the extensor tendons of the thumb
First dorsal metacarpal artery - arises just before the radial artery passes between the two heads of the first dorsal interosseous muscle and divides almost immediately into two branches which supply the adjacent sides of the thumb and index finger; the lateral side of the thumb receives a branch directly from the radial artery.
In the Hand
Princeps pollicis artery - arises from the radial artery just as it turns medially to the deep part of the hand.
Radialis indicis - arises close to the princeps pollicis. The two arteries may arise from a common trunk, the first palmar metacarpal artery.
Deep palmar arch - terminal part of radial artery.
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.