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Urine therapy



Biologically based alternative
and complementary therapy
- edit
NCCAM classifications
  1. Alternative Medical Systems
  2. Biologically Based Therapy
  3. Manipulative Methods
  4. Energy Therapy
See also

In alternative medicine, the term urine therapy (also urotherapy, urinotherapy or uropathy) refers to various applications of human urine for medicinal or cosmetic purposes, including drinking of one's own urine and massaging one's skin with one's own urine. A practitioner of urine therapy is sometimes called a uropath[citation needed].

In the Indian ayurvedic tradition, urine therapy may be called amaroli. Another name is Shivambu Kalpa, taken from the title of the ancient text Shivambu Kalpa Vidhi. Here, shivambu can be translated as "the waters of Shiva", and refers to the urine.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

History

Promoters of urine therapy believe urine to have many preventative and curative powers. Some cultures have traditionally used urine as a medicine, especially India's, where it is prescribed by the Shivambu Kalpa Vidhi, which (among other uses and prescriptions) suggests massaging one's skin with aged, concentrated urine. In traditional Tibetan medicine, examination of the patient's urine is one of the main sources of information for a diagnosis.[1]

The Koryak tribe of Siberia is reported to have used the Amanita muscaria mushroom as an entheogen, and to have drunk the urine of those using the mushroom in order to experience the effects themselves. Tribesmen who could not afford the mushrooms drank the urine of those who could; tribesmen drank their own urine in order to prolong the experience; and tribesmen on trips carried their own urine with them.[2] They sometimes concentrated their urine by partially freezing it and ingesting the unfrozen liquid.[citation needed] R. Gordon Wasson has theorized that the mythological soma of the Vedic religion was also Amanita muscaria.[2]

The homeopath John Henry Clarke wrote, "…man who, for a skin affection, drank in the morning the urine he had passed the night before. The symptoms were severe, consisting of general-dropsy, scanty urine, and excessive weakness. These symptoms I have arranged under Urinum. Urinotherapy is practically as old as man himself. The Chinese (Therapist, x. 329) treat wounds by sprinkling urine on them, and the custom is widespread in the Far East. Taken internally it is believed to stimulate the circulation".[3]

Among modern celebrities, the British actress Sarah Miles has drunk her own urine for over thirty years, claiming that it immunises against allergies, amongst other health benefits. [4]

Modern claims and findings

Urine's main constituents are water and urea. However, it contains small quantities of many hormones and metabolites,[5][6] including corticosteroids.[7] Urea has been claimed by some doctors to have an anti-cancer effect.[8] In addition, the other chemicals in urine might have some effect if ingested. In 1997, Joseph Eldor, of the Theoretical Medicine Institute in Jerusalem, published a paper suggesting that because cancer cells release antigens which appear in the urine, oral autourotherapy could spur the intestinal lymphatic system to produce antibodies against these antigens.[9]

Despite these claims, there has been no research that has found drinking urine to be useful for any illness.[10] Human urine is normally relatively free of bacteria, since the bladder itself is normally a sterile environment, and drinking small amounts of one's own urine is unlikely to be seriously harmful.[10] However, the urethra does contain bacteria, and this is why many physicians ask for a urine sample mid-stream, in order to allow the first few seconds of urination to wash out the bacteria within the urethra.[11] Urinating on jellyfish stings is a common folk remedy, but has no beneficial effect and may be counterproductive as it can activate nematocysts remaining at the site of the sting.[12][13]

Trivia

  • Cameroon's Health Minister Urbain Olanguena Awono warned people against drinking their own urine, believed in some circles to be a tonic and cure for a number of ailments. "Given the risks of toxicity associated with ingesting urine", he wrote, "the health ministry advises against the consumption of urine and invites those who promote the practice to cease doing so or risk prosecution."[14]
  • Urinotherapy was in vogue recently to improve well-being or as a last resort in severe illness in the former Soviet Union and in some post-USSR countries.[15]
  • Former Indian Prime Minister Morarji Desai practiced urinotherapy.[14]
  • Urine contains many vitamins, hormones and nutrients that are essential to the proper functioning of human body.[5] However, it also contains metabolic waste by-products and small amounts of toxins such as ammonia and formaldehyde.[citation needed]
  • In Shelagh Stephenson's The Memory of Water, one of the characters practices urine therapy. Her sister says that if God had intended people to drink their own urine, He would have built a straw from the bladder to the mouth.

Further reading

  • Shivambu Kalpa Vidhi, a part of the Damar Tantra
  • Your Own Perfect Medicine, Martha M. Christy, Scottsdale, AZ: Future Medicine, 1994.
  • The Golden Fountain: The Complete Guide to Urine Therapy, Coen van der Kroon, Scottsdale, AZ: Wishland Publishing, 1996.
  • The Water of Life: A Treatise on Urine Therapy, John W. Armstrong, London: True Health Publishing Co., 1940s.
  • Shivambu Kalpa: The Ancient Healing Way of the Self, by the Self, with Medicine of the Self, Arthur Lincoln Pauls, Ortho-Bionomy Pub., 1978.
  • Shivambu Was Is and Will Be, Nila Sanghvi, Mumbai.
  • " RAKSHANK" a book on extract of Urine Therapy written by Dr Rakshak Mal Lodha:- rakshakmal@gmail.com

See also

References

  1. ^ Health Through Balance: An Introduction to Tibetan Medicine, Yeshi Donden, ed. and transl. by Jeffrey Hopkins, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Pub., 2003. ISBN 812081519X.
  2. ^ a b The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part I), Richard Evans Schultes, UNODC Bulletin on Narcotics 21 (1969), #3, pp. 3–16.
  3. ^ A Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica, John Henry Clarke, London: Homoeopathic Pub. Co., 1900–1902.
  4. ^ http://www.independent.ie/entertainment/news-gossip/i-cant-wait-to-get-off-this-planet-1081452.html Interview with Sarah Miles in The Independent, September 2007
  5. ^ a b Urine Therapy, Jeff Lowe
  6. ^ Clinical value of 24-hour urine hormone evaluations, Alan Broughton, Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients, January 2004.
  7. ^ An Investigation into the Determination of Corticosteroids in Urine. I. The Determination of Corticosterone-like Substances, S. L. Tompsett, Journal of Clinical Pathology 6 (#1, February 1953), pp. 74–77. PMID 13034924.
  8. ^ Urotherapy, fact sheet at the American Cancer Society.
  9. ^ Urotherapy for patients with cancer, J. Eldor, Medical Hypotheses 48 (#4, April 1997), pp. 309–315. PMID 9160284.
  10. ^ a b True or False: It's Safe to Drink Your Urine, fact sheet at epnet.com.
  11. ^ Urinary Tract Infections in Adults, fact sheet at the National Institute of Health, publication no. 06–2097
  12. ^ Q: Is it true that urinating on a jellyfish sting alleviates the discomfort? If so, who figured that out?, John Ruch, Stupid Question™, June 7, 2004. Accessed on line September 13, 2007.
  13. ^ Fact or Fiction?: Urinating on a Jellyfish Sting is an Effective Treatment, Ciara Curtin, Scientific American, on line, January 4, 2007. Accessed on line September 13, 2007.
  14. ^ a b Cameroon threatens to jail urine drinkers, Jane Flanagan, Daily Telegraph, on line, article dated March 15, 2003.
  15. ^ Understanding Patients From the Former Soviet Union, Linda Grabbe, Family Medicine 32 (2000, #3), pp. 201–206.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Urine_therapy". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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