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Upper motor neurone lesion



Upper motor neurone lesion
Classification & external resources
The motor tract.
DiseasesDB 27852

An upper motor neuron lesion is a lesion of the neural pathway above the anterior horn cell or motor nuclei of the cranial nerves. This is in contrast to a lower motor neurone lesion, which affects nerve fibres travelling from the anterior horn of the spinal cord to the relevant muscle(s).

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Symptoms

  • Spastic increase in tone in the extensor muscles (lower limbs) or flexor muscles (upper limbs)
  • Clasp-knife response where initial resistance to movement is followed by relaxation
  • Weakness in the flexors (lower limbs) or extensors (upper limbs),[1] but no muscle wasting
  • Brisk tendon jerk reflexes
  • Babinski sign positive, where the big toe is raised rather than curled downwards on stimulation of the sole of the foot

Corticospinal/pyramidal tract

These are the neural tracts which descend in the spinal cord, in the lateral columns, carrying signals for voluntary movement of skeletal muscle. These nerve fibres usually originate in the cerebral cortex, then gather in the internal capsule before crossing over to the opposite side (decussation) in the medulla oblongata and proceeding down the spinal cord to meet lower motor neurones in the anterior horn.

See also

  • Upper motor neuron

References

  1. ^ -261423104 at GPnotebook


 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Upper_motor_neurone_lesion". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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