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Thymol



Thymol
IUPAC name 5-methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)phenol
Identifiers
CAS number 89-83-8
SMILES CC1=CC(O)=C(C(C)C)C=C1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H14O
Molar mass 150.22 g/mol
Density 0.96 g/cm3
Melting point

48-52 °C

Boiling point

232 °C

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Thymol is a monoterpene phenol derivative of cymene, C10H14OH, isomeric with carvacrol, found in oil of thyme, and extracted as a white crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor and strong antiseptic properties. It is also called "hydroxy cymene". (from Webster's 1913 dictionary)

Additional recommended knowledge

It has been found to be useful in controlling varroa mites in bee colonies.[1]A minor use is in bookbinding: before rebinding, books with mold damage can be sealed in bags with thymol crystals to kill fungal spores. It is also used as a preservative in halothane, an anaesthetic.

In a 1994 report released by five top cigarette companies, thymol was listed as one of 599 additives to cigarettes.[2] It is added to improve the flavor.

References

  1. ^ Almond farmers seek healthy bees
  2. ^ List of 599 Cigarette additives

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Thymol". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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