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The Walid-Robinson Opioid-Dependence (WROD) Questionnaire

A questionnaire designed based on the WHO and DSM-IV-TR clinical guidelines for a definite diagnosis of “dependence” that require three or more of six characteristic features being experienced or exhibited:

  • (1) Do you desire to continue taking your opioid medication?
  • (2) Do you now experience lengthy periods of use or binge patterns of use?
  • (3) Do you have tremors and use substances to relieve withdrawal symptoms?
  • (4) Are you able to take more drug without easing the pain?
  • (5) Do you neglect food, hygiene or health care?
  • (6) Are you willing to continue use the drug despite knowledge of problems caused, or exacerbated by it?


  • Walid MS, Hyer LA, Ajjan M, Barth ACM, Robinson JS. Prevalence of opioid-dependence in spine surgery patients and correlation with length of stay. J Opioid Management 2007, Volume 3, Number 3. [1]
  • Walid MS, Hyer LA, Ajjan M, Robinson JS: Predicting Opioid-Dependence Using Pain Intensity and Length of Pain Suffering in Pre-Spine-Surgery Patients. The Internet J Pain, Symptom Control and Palliative Care. 2007; Volume 5, Number 2. [2]
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "The_Walid-Robinson_Opioid-Dependence_(WROD)_Questionnaire". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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