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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF, often pronounced "TAN-if") is the July 1, 1997, successor to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, providing cash assistance to indigent American families with dependent children through the United States Department of Health and Human Services. It is the United States' federal assistance program commonly known as "welfare". Before 1996, eligibility was determined simply by entitlement. Now, states are given grants to run their own programs.
Additional recommended knowledge
TANF was created by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act instituted under President Bill Clinton in 1996. There is a maximum of 60 months of benefits within one's lifetime (some states instituted shorter periods) and there is a component requiring clients to attempt to find employment. Unmarried minor parents have to live with a responsible adult or guardian. Paternity of children must be established in order to receive benefits. These requirements have led to massive drops in the number of people receiving cash benefits, but there has been no apparent reduction in the national poverty rate, or increase in the poverty rate, for that matter. The act aims to get people off the temporary assistance, primarily by getting them into jobs.
The purposes of the TANF program as described in section 401 of the Social Security Act are as follows:
TANF sets forward the following work requirements necessary for benefits:
As of 2006, the initial program has expired but Congress has reauthorized the program under the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. The reauthorization has changed some of the requirements of the program, both for clients and for state administrators of the program.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Temporary_Assistance_for_Needy_Families". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|