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Subhash Mukhopadhyay (physician)

Dr Subhash Mukhopadhyay (Bengali: সুভাষ মুখোপাধ্যায় Shubhash Mukhopaddhae) (died June 19, 1981) was an Indian physician from Calcutta (now called Kolkata) in India. He was educated at the Scottish Church College and later, at the Calcutta Medical College which was then affiliated to the University of Calcutta.

His life and death has been the subject of countless newspaper reviews and inspired the Hindi movie Ek Doctor Ki Maut (Death of a doctor), directed by Tapan Sinha.

He created history when he became the first physician in India (and second in the world after British physicians Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards) to perform the In vitro fertilization resulting in a test tube baby "Durga" (alias Kanupriya Agarwal) on October 3, 1978.

Facing social ostracization, bureaucratic negligence, reprimand and insult instead of recognition from the Marxist West Bengal government and refusal of the Government of India to allow him to attend international conferences, he committed suicide in his Calcutta residence in 1981.

His feat has been given belated recognition as the Indian physician who in 1986 was "officially" regarded as being the first doctor to perform in-vitro fertilization in India.

His recognition is attributable to Professor TC Anand Kumar who is credited to be the mastermind behind India's second (officially the first) test-tube baby. Professor Kumar took the crown off his own head after reviewing Dr. Subhash Mukhopadhyay's personal notes. He was ably helped by Professor Sunit Mukherji, who was a one-time colleague of Dr. Mukhopadhyay.

Professor Kumar is currently active in setting up a research institute in reproductive biology in memory of Dr. Mukhopadhyay.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Subhash_Mukhopadhyay_(physician)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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