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Sports injuries

    Sports injuries are injuries that are caused by participation in a sporting event. In many cases, these types of injuries are due to overuse of a part of the body when participating in a certain activity. For example, runner's knee is a painful condition generally associated with running, while tennis elbow is a form a repetitive stress injury at the elbow, although it does often occur with tennis players.

Injuries are a common occurrence in professional sports and most teams have a staff of therapists and close connections to the medical community. Controversy has arisen at times when teams have made decisions that could threaten a players long-term health for short term gain.

Sports Injuries Treatment

Sports injuries can be broadly classified as either traumatic injuries or overuse injuries. Traumatic injuries account for most injuries in contact sports such as Football, Rugby, Australian rules football, Gaelic football and American football because of the dynamic and high collision nature of these sports. These injuries range from bruises and muscle strains, to fractures and head injuries.

A bruise or contusion is damage to small blood vessels which causes bleeding within the tissues. A muscle strain is a small tear of muscle fibers and a ligament sprain is a small tear of ligament tissue. The body’s response to these sports injuries is the same in the initial five day period immediately following the traumatic incident - inflammation.

All of these traumatic injuries cause damage to the cells that make up the soft tissues. The dead and damaged cells release chemicals, which initiate an inflammatory response. Small blood vessels are damaged and opened up, producing bleeding within the tissue. In the body’s normal reaction, a small blood clot is formed in order to stop this bleeding and from this clot special cells (called fibroblasts) begin the healing process by laying down scar tissue.

The inflammatory stage is therefore the first phase of healing. However, too much of an inflammatory response in the early stage can mean that the healing process takes longer and a return to activity is delayed. The sports injury treatments are intended to minimise the inflammatory phase of an injury, so that the overall healing process is accelerated.

Inflammation is characterized by pain, localized swelling, heat, redness and a loss of function. The inflammatory stage typically lasts around 5 days and all treatment during this time is designed to address the cardinal signs of inflammation – pain, swelling, redness, heat and a loss of function.

Sports injuries can be treated and managed by using the R.I.C.E.R and T.O.T.A.P.S regimes:

  • R - Rest
  • I - Ice
  • C - Compression
  • E - Elevation
  • R - Referral

  • T - Talk
  • O - Observe
  • T - Touch
  • A - Active movement
  • P - Passive movement
  • S - Skills test
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sports_injuries". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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