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Sleeve gastrectomy

Sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical weight-loss procedure in which the stomach is reduced to about 35% of its original size, by surgical removal of a large portion of the stomach, following the major curve. The open edges are then attached together (often with surgical staples) to form a sleeve or tube with a banana shape. The procedure permanently reduces the size of the stomach. The procedure is performed laparoscopically and is not reversible.[1]


Sleeve gastrectomy is usually performed on extremely obese patients, with a body mass index of 85 or more,[2] where the risk of performing a gastric bypass or duodenal switch procedure may be too large. A two-stage procedure is performed: the first is a sleeve gastrectomy, and the second is a conversion into a gastric bypass or duodenal switch. Patients usually lose a large quantity of their excess weight after the first sleeve gastrectomy procedure alone, but if weight loss ceases the second step is performed.

For patients that are obese but not extremely obese, sleeve gastrectomy alone is a suitable operation with minimum risks. Some surgeons even prefer it over gastric banding, because it eliminates the need of having to insert a foreign body.


Like any surgical operation, sleeve gastrectomy has possible complications, such as leakage, dilation of the sleeve (which allows for more food intake) and other usual complications associated with bariatric surgery, though the risks are known to be much lower than in RNY gastric bypass and duodenal switch.


  1. ^ "How Does The Sleeve Gastrectomy Work?". Retrieved on 2007-04-18. 
  2. ^ The Sleeve Gastrectomy, or 2-Stage Procedure. Surgically Slim. Retrieved on 2007-04-18.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sleeve_gastrectomy". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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