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Release from proactive interference
When an individual learns particular types of information, there is the possibility that previously learnt information will impair their learning of this new information. An example of this is learning a revised cell phone number. You may have the original number "imprinted" in your mind, so that with little trouble you can recall it. Imagine then that some digit in the number is changed, so that the number is similar, but different. Because you have the original representation of the number stored, when you recall the newly revised number, there is a good chance that you will accidentally recall the original number. This is an example of proactive interference (link to the article). Release from proactive experience occurs when the similar previously learnt information no longer interferes with the learning of new information, typically brought on by some change of conditions, such as changing the category (and thus, the meaning) imposed upon the information.
Additional recommended knowledge
Was seen in the study by Wickens, Dalezman, & Eggemeier (1976) concerning semantic memory, where it was found that performance of recalling the names of stimuli improved when they were not related to previously learnt stimuli (in this case, professions, fruits, or meats).
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Release_from_proactive_interference". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|