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Phallaceae



Stinkhorn

Common stinkhorn, Phallus impudicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetes
Order: Phallales
Family: Phallaceae
Genera

Clathrus
Mutinus
Phallus

The Phallaceae, or stinkhorns, are a family of basidiomycetes which produce a foul-scented, phallus-shaped mushroom. They belong to the order Phallales. Their method of reproduction is different than most mushrooms, which use the air to spread their spores. Stinkhorns instead produce a sticky spore mass on their tip which has an odor of carrion, dung, or other things that attract flies. The flies land on the stinkhorn and in doing so collect the spore mass on their legs and carry it to other locations.

Additional recommended knowledge

These fungi are theoretically edible in their immature "egg" state, but few people have the urge to consume such small, foul-smelling mushrooms. However, after frying in oil they have a fishy taste.

Stinkhorns develop from round structures called 'eggs', which do not stink. They can be seen in the photograph of Mutinus elegans and also in the following photo which shows one cut in half. You can see the whole mature fruiting body compressed into the 'egg' and ready to expand into its adult state.

Notable species

  • Phallus impudicus, the common stinkhorn[1]
  • Phallus hadriani, (sometimes considered as a subspecies of Phallus impudicus)
  • Phallus ravenelii [2]
  • Phallus indusiatus (syn. Dictyophora indusiata), Chinese "bamboo fungus," eaten as a food in southwestern China




References

    Gallery

     
    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Phallaceae". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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