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Pelagibacter ubique



Pelagibacter ubique
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alpha Proteobacteria
Order: Rickettsiales
Genus: Pelagibacter
Species: P. ubique
Binomial name
Candidatus Pelagibacter ubique
Rappé et al. 2002

Pelagibacter, with the single species P. ubique, are possibly the most numerous bacteria in the world (perhaps 1028 individual cells). They are an abundant member of the alphaproteobacteria - SAR11 clade and were originally known only from their rRNA genes, which were first identified in environmental samples from the Sargasso Sea in 1990. The bacteria responsible were isolated in 2002 and given a specific name, although it has not yet been validly published according to the bacteriological code.

Additional recommended knowledge

Pelagibacter has a world-wide distribution and is found among the bacterioplankton. They are some of the smallest self-replicating cells known, with a length of 0.37-0.89 µm and a diameter of only 0.12-0.20 µm.

References

  • Michael S. Rappé, Stephanie A. Connon, Kevin L. Vergin, Stephen J. Giovannoni (2002). "Cultivation of the ubiquitous SAR11 marine bacterioplankton clade". Nature 418: 630-633.
  • R. M. Morris et al. (2002). "SAR11 clade dominates ocean surface bacterioplankton communities". Nature 420: 806 - 810.
  • Stephen J. Giovannoni, H. James Tripp et. al (2005). "Genome Streamlining in a Cosmopolitan Oceanic Bacterium". Science 309: 1242-1245. doi:10.1126/science.1114057
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pelagibacter_ubique". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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