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Pascal Photocoagulator

The PASCAL Photocoagulator is an integrated semi-automatic pattern scan laser photocoagulation system designed to treat ocular diseases using a single shot or predetermined pattern array. The device is for ophthalmologists, particularly those that focus in vitreo-retinal surgery, a type of eye surgery.

Additional recommended knowledge



The Pascal method of photocoagulation was initially developed at Stanford University. OptiMedica founders worked together at Coherent, and based on their experience in the ophthalmic laser industry, recognized the need for improved safety, precision, comfort and speed of photocoagulation procedures for eye diseases.[1]

Ophthalmic Laser Delivery Systems

Most ophthalmic laser delivery systems include:

  • a laser source such as the Nd:YAG laser used in Pascal
  • a delivery device such as a slit lamp or laser indirect ophthalmoscope (LIO)
  • a control system for selecting power and duration
  • a method for selecting spot size

The Pascal system is fully integrated with a touch screen GUI, advanced slit lamp optics, slit lamp mounted micromanipulator, and ergonomic features for the physician and patient.

Pascal Method - Pattern Scanning

In scanning applications, a control system applies an electrical current proportional to the desired location of a beam of light to a high speed, sensitive, limited rotation motor called a galvanometer (commonly referred to as a galvo). A scanner is a galvo with a mirror attached to it. When the current is changed, the scanner quickly steers the laser beam to the desired location. Closed loop circuits ensure that the desired position is precisely reached.

In Pascal, control selections such as pattern and spot size from the graphical user interface are translated into (F,X,Y) coordinates. Three scanners deliver laser light to the retina in multi-spot patterns by controlling the x-position (X), y-position(Y) and fiber selection(F) for the placement and size of the laser beam.

The use of a FPGA from National Instruments enables fast scanning speed and a short response time of 4 microseconds for critical measurements and controlled feedback.

Indications for Use

Pascal Photocoagulator was approved in 2005 by the FDA through a 510(k) for treating vascular and structural abnormalities of the retina and choroids including[2]

Pascal photocoagulator also has [CE Mark] for international sale.


  • In 2007, OptiMedica received the R&D 100 award for the Pascal Photocoagulator. The award recognizes the innovative technology as one of the top 100 products introduced to the marketplace in the last year.
  • The Pascal Photocoagulator was recognized with a 2007 Medical Design Excellence Award gold medal in the surgical equipment, instruments, and supplies category. [3]


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External Links

OptiMedica company website 2007 MDEA Winners

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pascal_Photocoagulator". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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