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Palmitoyl chain

Palmitoyl chains are palmitate residues covalently attached to a cysteine residue through a thioester bond. Because of their hydrophobic nature, palmitoyl chains tend to be buried inside lipid-rich environments, e.g. the plasma membrane. Thus, proteins bearing cysteines with palmitoyl chains can be tethered by such anchors to the plasma membrane despite their hydrophilic properties.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Palmitoyl_chain". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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