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PPOX (protoporphyrinogen oxidase) is a human gene that produces an enzyme called protoporphyrinogen oxidase. This enzyme is responsible for the seventh step in heme production. Heme is the portion of hemoglobin that carries oxygen in the blood from the lungs to the rest of the body. Each of the steps in heme production is controlled by a separate gene (see below). Protoporphyrinogen oxidase removes hydrogen atoms from protoporphyrinogen IX (the product of the sixth step in the production of heme) to form protoporphyrin IX. One additional enzyme must modify protoporphyrin IX before it becomes heme.
Additional recommended knowledge
The following genes are part of the chemical pathway for making heme.
Variegate porphyria is caused by mutations in the PPOX gene. More than 100 mutations that can cause variegate porphyria have been identified in the PPOX gene. One mutation, a substitution of the amino acid tryptophan for arginine at position 59 (also written as Arg59Trp or R59W), is found in about 95 percent of South African families with variegate porphyria. Mutations in the PPOX gene reduce the activity of the enzyme made by the gene, allowing byproducts of heme production to build up in the body. This buildup, in combination with nongenetic factors (such as certain drugs, alcohol and dieting), causes this type of porphyria.
This article incorporates public domain text from The U.S. National Library of Medicine
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "PPOX". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|