My watch list  


Otolaryngology is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head & neck disorders. The full name of the specialty is otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL). A commonly used term for this specialty is ENT (ear, nose and throat). The term comes from the Greek ωτολαρυγγολογία (oto = genitive for ear, laryngo = genitive for larynx/throat, logy = study) and it literally means the study of ear and neck. The full term ωτορινολαρυγγολογία (otorhinolaryngology), also includes rhino, which is the genitive of nose.



Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD,MBBS,MBChB,etc.) or osteopathic doctors (DO) who complete at least five years of surgical residency training. Currently, this comprises one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each. Otolaryngology is considered to be one of the most competitive residency fields to match into.

Following residency training, some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can range from one to three years in duration.


(*Currently recognized by American Board of Medical Subspecialties)

Head and Neck Facial plastics* Otology Neuro-otology* Rhinology/Sinus Laryngology Pediatrics* Sleep*
Surgical oncology Facial cosmetics Ear Middle and inner ear Sinusitis Voice therapy VeloPalatine-Insufficiency
Reconstruction Maxillofacial Hearing Temporal bone Allergy Phono-surgery Cleft Lip and Palate
Endocrine surgery Trauma Skull base Anterior skull base Airway
Dizziness Apnea and snoring Vascular Malformations
Cochlear Implant/BAHA

Topics in Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery

Contributors please visit the new Current Otorhinolaryngology WikiBook project[1] before posting your academic topics here. High-level professional-quality material needed!


Rhinology (Sinus diseases and anterior skull base)



Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery

  • Rhinoplasty & Septoplasty
  • Facelift (Rhytidectomy)
  • Browlift
  • Blepharoplasty
  • Otoplasty
  • Genioplasty
  • Injectable Cosmetic Treatments
  • Trauma to the Face
    • Nasal Bone Fracture
    • Mandible Fracture
    • Orbital Fracture
    • Frontal Sinus Fracture
    • Complex Lacerations and Soft Tissue Damage


  • American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • The American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy
  • Canadian Society of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society
  • British Association of Otorhinolaryngologists - Head & Neck Surgeons
  • Association of Otolaryngology Administrators
  • The Australian Society of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Otolaryngology". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE