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Lotus birth, or Umbilical Nonseverance,is the practice of leaving the umbilical cord intact following birth, allowing the physiological process of the cord substance known as Wharton's jelly to naturally seal the cord within 10-20 minutes postpartum. The umbilical cord then dries and eventually detaches from the umbilicus. Detachment usually occurs 2-3 days after birth.
Additional recommended knowledge
When Umbilical Nonseverance or Lotus Birth is practiced, rarely in hospitals but more common in birth centers and home birth, integrity of the neonate is highly valued, and maternal-neonatal bonding proceeds uninterrupted. While care providers conduct immediate Apgar scoring and any needed neonatal suctioning/stimulation, most further procedures are postponed until an hour after the birth. The baby-cord-placenta unit is swaddled by the mother in-arms, or held by a father or nurse during maternal suturing.
Different cultural practices use the preserved placenta in different ways. Some people prefer for the child to have the placenta so that it can be buried with the child at the end of his or her life. Others keep the placenta until it falls off naturally and it is then buried, the Igbos of Nigeria bury the placenta right after birth and often a tree is planted over it.
For Full Lotus Births, the excess fluids are wiped off the placenta and it is kept in an open bowl or wrapped in a cloth, in close proximity to the neonate. The cloths used to wrap the placenta or cover a bowl must allow air through, so that the placenta can air and begin to dry out and not become malodorous. Sea salt is often applied to the placenta to help dry it out. Sometimes essential oils, such as lavender, or powdered herbs such as goldenseal, neem, along with lavender are also applied for their additional antibacterial properties. If drying applications are not applied the well-aired placenta will have a distinct, musky scent which can be halted by directly planting it or by refrigerated storage after the first postpartum week.
In hospitals and global medical centers, common medical training and practice is "Active Management" of Third Stage Labor: immediately clamping the cord once the baby is born, cutting it forthwith, then applying traction to the cord to speed the birth of the placenta  rather leaving the cord-placenta-baby unit intact to provide for a physiologically gentle transition of mother and baby. The cord blood may or may not be harvested for cord blood banking. The baby's umbilical cord and placenta are then disposed of as medical waste or sold to laboratories.
Early American pioneers, in written diaries and letters, reported practicing nonseverance of the umbilicus as a preventative measure to protect the infant from an open wound infection.
The practice gained notice in the yoga practitioner community when Jeannine Parvati Baker, author of the first book on prenatal yoga in the West, Prenatal Yoga & Natural Childbirth practiced umbilical nonseverance for two of her own births, seeing it as a practical application of the yogic value of ahimsa as well as the core yoga teaching inherent in the primal bonding process that "All attachments will fall away of their own accord."
In the 1990s, Sarah Buckley MD, an Australian family physician and noted parenting advisor for the magazine Mothering, published her personal birth stories in the text Lotus Birth, and has produced numerous scholarly publications of her research on the physiological benefits of Passive Management of Third Stage Labor.
Although recently an alternative birth phenomenon, delayed umbilical severance has been plentifully recorded in the cultures of the Balinese as well as aboriginal people such as the !Kung. Modern practitioners of Lotus Birth point out that those mammals with whom humans share 99% genetic material, the chimpanzees in fact leave the umbilicus intact, neither chewing or cutting it. Therefore, the medical practice of immediate cord clamping and cutting, and its physiological impact is questioned by parents who choose partial or full Nonseverance.
Umbilical nonseverance, or Lotus Birth, is an informed choice option currently practiced by a minority of homebirth and hospital birth families [See the research of Sarah Buckley, M.D. and Int'l Midwife Robin Lim], and an increasingly popular continuing education topic for licensed midwives and certified nurse midwives in publications such as the magazine Midwifery Today and Mothering. Particularly compelling to these professionals is the absence of healthy neonatal weight loss and breastfeeding jaundice in lotus birth scenarios, as yet formally studied.
In Tibetan and Zen Buddhism, the name "Lotus-Birth" was what described spiritual teachers such as Gautama Buddha and Padmasambhava (Lien-hua Sen), emphasizing their entering the world as an intact, holy child. References to Lotus Birth are also found in Hinduism, for example, the story of the birth of Vishnu.
Religious Christians and Jews who choose umbilical nonseverance see it relevant to the strength of the visionary prophet Ezekiel who was cast out of his tribe Ezekiel 16:4 of the Bible, "As for your birth, the day you were born your navel cord was not cut."
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lotus_birth". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|