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LIM kinase-1 (LIMK1) and LIM kinase-2 (LIMK2) are actin-binding kinases that phosphorylate members of the ADF/cofilin family of actin binding and filament severing proteins. ADF/cofilin are the only substrates yet identified for the LIM kinases. Upstream, LIMK1 is regulated by Pak1 (Edwards et al, 1999), and LIMK2 by the Rho-dependent kinase ROCK (Sumi et al, 2001). Lim Kinases are activated by PAK (p21-activated kinase).
There are approximately 40 known eukaryotic LIM proteins, so named for the LIM domains they contain. LIM domains are highly conserved cysteine-rich structures containing 2 zinc fingers. Although zinc fingers usually function by binding to DNA or RNA, the LIM motif probably mediates protein-protein interactions. LIM kinase-1 and LIM kinase-2 belong to a small subfamily with a unique combination of 2 N-terminal LIM motifs and a C-terminal protein kinase domain. LIMK1 is likely to be a component of an intracellular signaling pathway and may be involved in brain development. LIMK1 hemizygosity is implicated in the impaired visuospatial constructive cognition of Williams syndrome. NIH
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lim_Kinases". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|