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Hemorrhagic cystitis

Hemorrhagic cystitis or Haemorrhagic cystitis is diffuse inflammation of the bladder leading to hemorrhage. This is seen most often in cancer patients as a complication of therapy. It occurs in women. Pus is present in the urine but no organism can be cultured in the urine

Causes of hemorrhagic cystitis include chemotherapy (e.g. cyclophosphamide), radiation, or viral infection (e.g. with the [[BK virus] or Adenovirus] in bone marrow transplant patients. In the case of hemorrhagic cystitis from cyclophosphamide, this can be prevented through aggressive hydration and the use of mesna, which neutralizes the toxicity of acrolein, a metabolite of cyclophosphamide.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hemorrhagic_cystitis". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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