In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup E is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup which can be used to define genetic populations. It is a subgroup of M.
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Haplogroup E has a southern Asia distribution. Until now it has been detected in the Malay peninsula populations and in the Sabah of Borneo; and it is also present in coastal Papua New Guinea as well as in Taiwan, in the Philippines, and in some Pacific islands such as Guam. "E" detected in a few Colombian indigenous populations, carries all the substitutions characteristic of haplogropup C and was identified as a back mutation. This revertant C lineage is further characterized by three changes in HVS-II sequence.
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