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There are two major groups of ganglia: dorsal root ganglia (also known as the spinal ganglia) and autonomic ganglia. The former contains the cell bodies of sensory (afferent) nerves and the latter contains the cell bodies of autonomic nerves.
In the autonomic nervous system, fibers from the central nervous system to the ganglion are known as preganglionic fibers, while those from the ganglion to the effector organ are called postganglionic fibers.
In the brain, basal ganglia is a group of nuclei interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and brainstem, associated with a variety of functions: motor control, cognition, emotions and learning.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ganglion". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|