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Fischer glycosidation (or Fischer glycosylation) refers to the formation of a glycoside by the reaction of an aldose or ketose with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst. The reaction is named after the German chemist, Emil Hermann Fischer, winner of the Nobel Prize in chemistry, 1902. Commonly, the reaction is performed using a solution or suspension of the carbohydrate in the alcohol as the solvent. The carbohydrate is usually completely unprotected. The Fischer glycosidation reaction is an equilibrium process and can lead to a mixture of ring size isomers, and anomers, plus in some cases, small amounts of acyclic forms. With hexoses, short reactions times usually lead to furanose ring forms, and longer reaction times lead to pyranose forms. With long reaction times the most thermodynamically stable product will result, which owing to the anomeric effect, is usually the alpha anomer.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fischer_glycosidation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|