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Additional recommended knowledge
Patients with Fahr’s disease often present with movement disorders, such as Parkinson's, paresis, dystonia, and speech impairment. Other neurological features can include stroke-like events, often combined with psychiatric conditions, such as psychosis, mood disorders, and dementia. Although Fahr’s disease appears most commonly with motor deficits, about 40% of the patients with Fahr’s disease are seen with primarily cognitive and other psychiatric findings.
Fahr’s disease, however, is often differentiated from Fahr’s syndrome, in which basal ganglia calcification is secondary to some other disorder, such as hypoparathyroidism. Fahr’s disease should also be distinguished from incidentally found basal ganglia calcification without associated clinical neuropsychiatric features.
Fahr's Disease is often familial. The familial form may be transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait or, in other affected families, may have autosomal dominant inheritance. In other instances, the condition appears to to be sporadic. Some experts suggest that the condition may sometimes result from an intrauterine infection.
Images of Fahr Disease from MedPix
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fahr's_disease". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|