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Additional recommended knowledge
Euphorbia poisonii is a highly toxic and succulent member of the large and varied Spurge genus of plants. It is native to northern Nigeria, where local farmers extract its latex for use as a pesticide, potent against any animal that enters the field. Its powerful and painful nature mandates fencing and clear marking of fields using the poison, but the produce is safe to eat as the toxin decomposes after a few days of exposure to air.
The active toxin Resiniferatoxin binds to pain receptors in the same way as capsaicin but much more powerfully. It stimulates the neurons to fire repeatedly until the neuron dies, causing searing pain and sending the victim into severe anaphylactic shock.
Pain research (see pg. 7)
information on Resiniferatoxin
Nicolaou, K. C. and Snyder, Scott A. Classics in Total Synthesis Vol. II. Wiley VCH, 2003. Chapter 6.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Euphorbia_poisonii". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|