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Environment Canada (EC), legally incorporated as the Department of the Environment under the Department of the Environment Act ( R.S., 1985, c. E-10 ), is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and conservation of wildlife.
Additional recommended knowledge
Environment Canada is the lead department within the federal government when it comes to cleaning up hazardous waste and oil spills. The department is also responsible for meteorology as well as research and education on climate change, as well as international environmental issues (e.g., Canada-USA air issues).
Responsibility for environmental management in Canada is a shared responsibility between the federal government and provincial/territorial governments. For example, provincial governments have primary authority for permitting industrial waste discharges (e.g., to the air) while the federal government is responsible for the management of toxic substances in the country (e.g. benzene). Environment Canada provides stewardship of the Environmental Choice Program, which provides consumers with an eco-labelling for products manufactured within Canada or services that meet international label standards of (GEN) Global Ecolabelling Network.
Environment Canada is currently (2005-present) undergoing a structural transformation to centralize authority and decision-making, and to standardize policy implementation.
John Baird is the current Minister of the Environment (2007-).
Environment Canada is divided into several geographic regions:
The department has several organizations which carry out specific tasks:
Environment Canada Enforcement Branch is responsible for ensuring compliance with the Canadian Environmental Protection Act and pollution provisions of the Fisheries Act and corresponding regulations.
The Governor-in-Council appoints Enforcement Officers and pursuant to section 217(3) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, enforcement officers of Environment Canada have all the powers of peace officers.
More information: EC Enforcement Branch
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Environment_Canada". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|