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Dental bur

  A dental bur is a type of drill bit used in a handpiece (commonly called a dental drill). The burs are usually made of tungsten carbide or diamond. The three parts to a bur are the head, the neck, and the shank.[1]

The head of the bur contains the blades which produce the cutting action. These blades may be positioned at different degrees of angles in order to change the property of the bur. More obtuse angles will produce a negative rake angle which increases the strength and longevity of the bur. More acute angles will produce a positive rake angle which has a sharper blade, but which dulls more quickly.

There are various shapes of burs, which helps to determine a selection of a bur in a given situation. Shapes include a round, inverted cone, straight fissure, tapered fissure, and pear-shaped burs. Additional cuts across the blades of burs were added to increase cutting efficiency, but their benefit has been minimized with the advent of high-speed handpieces.[1] These extra cuts are called crosscuts.

Due to the wide array of different burs, numbering systems to categorize burs are used and include a US numbering system and a numbering system used by the International Standards Organization (ISO).


  1. ^ a b Summit, James B., J. William Robbins, and Richard S. Schwartz. "Fundamentals of Operative Dentistry: A Contemporary Approach." 2nd edition. Carol Stream, Illinois, Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc, 2001. Pages 139 - 143. ISBN 0-86715-382-2.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Dental_bur". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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