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Defective interfering particle

Defective interfering particles (DIPs) are virus particles that are missing part or all of their genome. Because of these deletions in their genome, DIPs cannot sustain an infection by themselves. Instead, they depend on coinfection with a suitable helper virus. The helper virus provides the gene functions that are absent from the DIPs. The DIP interferes with the helper virus by competing for enzymes that the helper virus requires to multiply. Unfortunately, the interference is not sufficient to eliminate the viral infection, and DIPs are not used clinically. Usually, the small genomes of the DIPs are more efficiently replicated than the full length viraol genome, generating a very large number of non-infectious particles. In cell culture, if viral titers can be evaluated, the generation of DIPs is frequentely associated with primary high MOI infections. The second observed phenomenon is a cyclic alternance of high and low infectious titers produced from passage to passage.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Defective_interfering_particle". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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