My watch list  

Crotalus mitchellii

Crotalus mitchellii

Conservation status

Least Concern (IUCN)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Crotalus
Species: C. mitchellii
Binomial name
Crotalus mitchellii
(Cope, 1861)
  • Caudisona mitchellii - Cope, 1861
  • C[rotalus]. mitchellii - Cope In Yarrow In Wheeler, 1875
  • [Crotalus oreganus] Var. mitchellii - Garman, 1884
  • Crotalus mitcheli - Belding, 1887
  • Crotalus Mitchellii [mitchellii] - Stejneger, 1895
  • Crotalus mitchelli - Boulenger, 1896
  • Crotalus aureus - Kallert, 1927
  • Crotalus tigris mitchellii - Amaral, 1929
  • Crotalus confluentus mitchelli - Klauber, 1930
  • Crotalus mitchelli mitchelli - Klauber, 1952
  • Crotalus mitchellii mitchellii - McCrystal & McCoid, 1986[1]
Common names: speckled rattlesnake,[2] Mitchell's rattlesnake,[3] white rattlesnake.[4]

Crotalus mitchellii is a venomous pitviper species found in the Southwestern United States, and in northern Mexico. Five subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here.[5]



  Generally, this species does not exceed 100 cm in length, with large males measuring between 90 and 100 cm. The race on Angel de la Guarda Island is known to become larger, the maximum recorded length for a specimen there being 136.7 cm. In contrast, the population on El Muerto Island only reaches a maximum of 63.7 cm in length.[2]

Conservation status

This species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v3.1, 2001).[6] Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. The population trend is stable. Year assessed: 2007.[7]

Geographic range

Found in the southwestern United States and in northwestern Mexico. In the United States, its range includes east-central and southern California, southwestern Nevada, extreme southwestern Utah and western Arizona. In Mexico it is native in most of Baja California, including Baja California Sur. It also inhabits a number of islands in the Gulf of California, including Angel de la Guarda, Carmen, Cerralvo, El Muerto, Espíritu Santo, Monserrate, Piojo, Salsipuedes, San José, as well as on Santa Margarita Island off the Pacific coast of Baja California Sur.[1]

The type locality is listed as "Cape St. Lucas, Lower California" (Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico).[1]


Subspecies[5] Authority[5] Common name[8] Geographic range[8]
C. m. angelensis Klauber, 1963 Angel de la Guarda Island speckled rattlesnake Mexico, on the island of Ángel de la Guarda.
C. m. mitchellii (Cope, 1861) San Lucan speckled rattlesnake Mexico, in Baja California Sur and on the islands of Santa Margarita, Cerralvo, Espíritu Santo, San José, Monserrate and Carmen.
C. m. muertensis Klauber, 1949 El Muerto Island speckled rattlesnake Mexico, on the island of El Muerto.
C. m. pyrrhus (Cope, 1866) Southwestern speckled rattlesnake The United States in southern California, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah and western Arizona. Mexico in northwestern Sonora and northern Baja California.
C. m. stephensi Klauber, 1930 Panamint rattlesnake The United States in east-central California and southwestern Nevada.


Grismer (1999) argued that C. m. angelensis and C. m. muertensis should be given species status, mainly due to differences in body size.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca and London. 870 pp. 1500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.
  3. ^ U.S. Navy. 1991. Poisonous Snakes of the World. US Govt. New York: Dover Publications Inc. 203 pp. ISBN 0-486-26629-X.
  4. ^ Ditmars RL. 1933. Reptiles of the World. Revised Edition. The MacMillan Company. 329 pp. 89 plates.
  5. ^ a b c Crotalus mitchellii (TSN 174313). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed on 25 February 2007.
  6. ^ Crotalus mitchellii at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 13 September 2007.
  7. ^ 2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1) at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 13 September 2007.
  8. ^ a b Klauber LM. 1997. Rattlesnakes: Their Habitats, Life Histories, and Influence on Mankind. Second Edition. First published in 1956, 1972. University of California Press, Berkeley. ISBN 0-520-21056-5.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Crotalus_mitchellii". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE