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Carbaryl



Carbaryl
IUPAC name 1-naphthyl methylcarbamate
Other names Sevin
Identifiers
CAS number 63-25-2
SMILES CNC(OC2=CC=CC1=CC=CC=C12)=O
Properties
Molecular formula C12H11NO2
Molar mass 201.221 g/mol
Appearance Colorless crystalline solid
Melting point

142 °C

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate) is a chemical in the carbamate family used chiefly as an insecticide. It is a colorless white crystalline solid. It is commonly sold under the brand name Sevin, a trademark of the Bayer Company. Originally, Union Carbide discovered carbaryl and introduced it commercially in 1958, and it remains the third-most-utilized insecticide in the United States for home gardens, commercial agriculture, and forestry and rangeland protection. Bayer purchased Aventis CropScience in 2002, a company that included Union Carbide pesticide operations.

Additional recommended knowledge

Its safety is somewhat controversial. It is a cholinesterase inhibitor and can be toxic to humans with excessive exposure, though no known fatalities have been reported. It clasified as a likely human carcinogen by the EPA. It kills various beneficial insect and crustacean species along with the pests it is intended for, so care must be taken when spraying in areas where such species are present. Carbaryl is acutely toxic to honeybees and can destroy colonies of bees that are foraging in an area where the chemical has been applied.

Oral LD50:

  • 250 mg/kg to 850 mg/kg for rats
  • 100 mg/kg to 650 mg/kg for mice
When ingested by people, it is metabolized rapidly and excreted in the urine.

Suppliers/Manufacturers

  • Exclusive Chemistry Ltd - routes of Sevin synthesis
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Carbaryl". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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