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Buffy coat




The buffy coat is the fraction of an anticoagulated blood sample after centrifugation that contains most of the white blood cells and platelets.

Additional recommended knowledge

Description

After centrifugation, one can distinguish a layer of clear fluid (the plasma), a layer of red fluid containing most of the red blood cells, and a thin layer in between, making up less than 1% of the total volume of the blood sample, the buffy coat (so-called because it is usually buff in hue), with most of the white blood cells and platelets. The buffy coat is used, for example, to extract DNA from the blood of mammals (since mammalian red blood cells are anucleate and do not contain DNA).

The buffy coat is usually whitish in color but sometimes green, if the blood sample contains large amounts of neutrophils, which are high in green myeloperoxidase.

Diagnostic Uses of the Buffy Coat

  • Quantitative Buffy Coat (QBC) is a laboratory test to detect infection with malaria or other blood parasites: the blood is taken in a QBC capillary tube which is coated with acridine orange (a fluorescent dye) and centrifuged; the fluorescing parasites can then be observed under ultraviolet light at the interface between red blood cells and buffy coat. This test is more sensitive than the conventional thick smear and in >90% of cases, the species of parasite can also be identified.
  • In cases of extremely low white blood cell count, it may be difficult to perform a manual differential of the various types of white cells, and it may be virtually impossible to obtain an automated differential. In such cases the medical technologist may obtain a buffy coat, from which a blood smear is made. This smear contains a much higher number of white blood cells than whole blood.

References

Marieb, Elaine N. (2007). Human Anatomy & Physiology, Seventh Edition, San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings. ISBN 0-8053-5910-9. 

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Buffy_coat". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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