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Basal plate (neural tube)

Basal plate
The basal plate (basal lamina) is separated from the alar plate (alar lamina) by the sulcus limitans (unlabeled).
Latin Lamina basalis, basal lamina
Gray's subject #184 735
System Nervous system
Precursor Neural tube
Gives rise to Lower motor neurons, interneurons
Dorlands/Elsevier l_02/12475910

In the developing nervous system, the basal plate is the region of the neural tube ventral to the sulcus limitans. It extends from the rostral mesencephalon to the end of the spinal cord and contains primarily motor neurons, whereas neurons found in the alar plate are primarily associated with sensory functions. The cell types of the basal plate include lower motor neurons and four types of interneuron.[1]

Initially the left and right sides of the basal plate are continuous, but during neurulation they become separated by the floor plate, a derivative of the notochord. Differentiation of neurons in the basal plate is under the influence of Sonic hedgehog released by ventralizing structures such as the notochord and floor plate[1].


  1. ^ a b Bruce M. Carlson (2004). Human Embryology and Developmental Biology, 2nd edition, Saint Louis, MO: Mosby. ISBN 0-323-03649-X. 


  • John A. Kiernan (2005). Barr's the Human Nervous System: An Anatomical Viewpoint, 8th edition, Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-5154-3. 

Neural crest - Neural tube (Neuromere/Rhombomere, Cephalic flexure)

Alar plate - Basal plate
Eye developmentOptic vesicles - Optic stalk - Optic cup - Lens placode
Auditory developmentAuditory vesicle - Auditory pit
  This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Basal_plate_(neural_tube)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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