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Auricularia auricula-judae



Auricularia auricula-judae

Conservation status
Secure
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetes
Order: Auriculariales
Family: Auricularaceae
Genus: Auricularia
Species: A. auricula-judae
Binomial name
Auricularia auricula-judae
(Fr.) J.Schröt.
Auricularia auricula-judae
mycological characteristics:
 
smooth hymenium
 

no distinct cap

 

hymenium attachment is not applicable

 

lacks a stipe

 

spore print is white

 

ecology is saprophytic

 

edibility: edible

Auricularia auricula-judae (syn. Auricularia auricula, Hirneola auricula-judae) is commonly known as Judas's ear fungus or Jew's Ear, the name from which it derives the "judae" in its scientific name, or as the jelly ear fungus. This jelly fungus is conspicuously ear shaped, ranging from purple to dark brown or black in color with a rubbery texture, and most often found on dead elder trees but also on elms. It was said that Judas hanged himself on an elder tree, which is the origin of the name. [2]

Additional recommended knowledge

This species is used often in Asian cooking. In Chinese, it is called 木耳 (pinyin: mù ěr, lit. "wood ear" or "tree ear") or 黑木耳 (pinyin: hēi mù ěr, lit. "black wood ear"), and in Japanese it is called kikurage (キクラゲ, lit. "tree-jellyfish"). Auricularia polytricha (cloud ear fungus), a closely related species, is also used in Asian cooking.

Snow fungus, another edible fungus which is white in color, is a separate species, Tremella fuciformis.

References

  1. Buckzacki, Stefan (1982). Collins Gem Guide: Mushrooms and Toadstools.
  2. ^ This article incorporates content from the 1728 Cyclopaedia, a publication in the public domain. [1]

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Auricularia_auricula-judae". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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