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Additional recommended knowledge
An ascocarp, or ascoma (plural: ascomata), is the fruiting body (sporocarp) of an ascomycete fungus. It consists of very tightly interwoven hyphae and may contain millions of asci, each of which contains typically eight ascospores. Ascocarps are most commonly bowl-shaped, but may take on a number of other designs.
Classification of ascocarps
The ascocarp is classified according to its placement (in ways which are not fundamental to the basic taxonomy). It is termed epigeous if it grows above ground, as with the morels, whilst underground ascocarps, such as truffles are hypogeous.
The form of the hymenium is divided into the following types (which are important for classification). Apothecia can be relatively large and fleshy, whereas the others are microscopic — about the size of flecks of ground pepper.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ascocarp". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|