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Aldicarb



Aldicarb
IUPAC name 2-methyl-2-(methylthio)propionaldehyde O-methylcarbamoyloxime
Identifiers
CAS number 116-06-3
Properties
Molecular formula C7H14N2O2S
Molar mass 190.27 g/mol
Density 1.195 g/cm³
Melting point

100 °C

Boiling point

Decomposes before boiling point

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Aldicarb is a carbamate insecticide with structural formula: 2-methyl-2-(methylthio)propionaldehyde O-methylcarbamoyloxime. Aldicarb is the active substance in Temik pesticide, which is effective against thrips, aphids, spider mites, lygus, fleahoppers, and leafminers but is primarily used as a nematicide.[1] In mammals it is a cholinesterase inhibitor (prevents neurotransmitter breakdown). In case of severe poisoning, the victim dies of respiratory failure. It is also highly toxic for birds.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Regulatory Status

Aldicarb is approved by the USEPA for use by professional pesticide applicators on a variety of crops, including cotton, beans, and others. It is not approved for household use.[2]

"Tres Pasitos", a mouse, rat, and roach killer that contains high concentrations of aldicarb, has been illegally imported into the United States from Mexico and other Latin American countries. The product is highly toxic to animals and people, and it should not be used. EPA

Toxicity in mammals

Aldicarb is a fast-acting cholinesterase inhibitor, causing rapid accumulation of acetylcholine at the synaptic cleft. It is widely used to study cholinergic neurotransmission in simple systems such as the nematode C. elegans.

Exposure to high amounts of aldicarb can cause weakness, blurred vision, headache, nausea, tearing, sweating, and tremors in people. Very high doses can kill people, because it can paralyze the respiratory system. EPA

It has a LD50 rating of 0.5 - 1.5 mg/kg when in liquid form and a LD50 rating of 7mg/kg when in solid form.

See also

References

  1. ^ Temik. Bayer CropScience. Retrieved on 2007-08-13.
  2. ^ Aldicarb. Pesticide Information Profiles. The Extension Toxicology Network (June 1996). Retrieved on 2007-08-13.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Aldicarb". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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