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Victor Babeş (July 4, 1854—October 19, 1926) was a Romanian physician, biologist, and one of the earliest bacteriologists. He made early and significant contributions to the study of rabies, leprosy, diphtheria, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases.
Additional recommended knowledge
The Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca and the Victor Babeş University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Timisoara bears his name.
Born in Vienna (at the time, the capital of the Austrian Empire) to an ethnic Romanian family from the Banat, he studied in Budapest, then in Vienna, where he received his doctorate in Science. Attracted by the discoveries of Louis Pasteur, he left for Paris, and worked first in Pasteur's laboratory, and then with Victor André Cornil.
In 1885 he discovered a parasitic sporozoan of the ticks, named Babesia (of the genus Babesiidae), and which causes a rare and severe disease called babesiosis. In the same year, he published the first treaty of bacteriology in the world, Bacteria and their role in the histopathology of infectious diseases, which he co-authored with Cornil.
Babeş' scientific endeavours were wide-ranging. He was the first to demonstrate the presence of tuberculous bacilli in the urine of infected patients. He also discovered cellular inclusions in rabies-infected nerve cells. Of diagnostic value, they were to be named after him (Babeş-Negri bodies).
Babeş was one of the founders of serum therapy, and was the first to introduce rabies vaccination to Romania. His work also had a strong influence upon veterinary medicine, especially concerning prophylaxis and serum medication.
He became a professor of Pathology and Bacteriology at the Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Bucharest. He was also a member of the Romanian Academy (in 1893), of the Paris Académie Nationale de Médecine, and an officer of the French Légion d'honneur.
His nephew, Aurel Babeş, was also a physician, who discovered a screening test for cervical cancer.
Selected published works
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Victor_Babeş". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|