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Samuel Alexander Kinnier Wilson



  Samuel Alexander Kinnier Wilson (December 6, 1878 - May 12, 1937) was a British neurologist who was born in Cedarville, New Jersey. A year after Wilson's birth, his father died and his family moved to Edinburgh. In 1902 he graduated with an M.B. from the University of Edinburgh, and the following year received his B.sc. in physiology. Afterwards he went to Paris, where he continued his studies with Pierre Marie (1853-1940) and Joseph Babinski (1857-1932). In 1905 he moved to London, where he worked as registrar and pathologist at the National Hospital, Queens Square. Later he was appointed professor of neurology at King's College Hospital.

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Wilson specialized in clinical neurology, and made important contributions in his studies of epilepsy, narcolepsy, apraxia and speech disorders. He described hepatolenticular degeneration in his 1912 doctoral dissertation titled "Progressive lenticular degeneration". He was honored for his research of the disease, and afterwards the disorder became known as "Wilson's disease". In this treatise he is credited for introducing the term "extrapyramidal" into neurological medicine.

Wilson published several influential works in the field of neurology, and was founding editor of the "Journal of Neurology". In 1940 his two-volume work titled "Neurology" was published posthumously.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Samuel_Alexander_Kinnier_Wilson". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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